Hardly any agricultural product can do without a label. But what do ladybirds, bud and co. actually stand for? Mucca.ch has compiled an overview of the most important production methods and their quality characteristics for you.
Origin of the food
Where and with which ingredients the food is produced is indicated by the following labels:
– Suisse Garantie: products produced and processed in Switzerland
– AOP: products with strong regional roots, produced and processed in their region of origin, e.g. Gruyère AOP
– Aus der Region. Für die Region. (Migros): A product made from only one ingredient (e.g. milk, vegetables) must be 100% regional, while a product made from several ingredients (e.g. yoghurt) must contain at least 80% regional ingredients.
– Miini Region (Coop): The same rules apply as for “Aus der Region. For the region.” For organic products made from several ingredients, at least 90% must come from the region.
– Pro Montagna (Coop): products produced and processed in mountain or alpine areas
Integrated Production (IP)
The basis and prerequisite for receiving direct payments is the ecological performance certificate (ÖLN). Among other things, it prescribes species-appropriate animal husbandry, a balanced fertiliser balance and a minimum percentage of biodiversity areas. The Federal Direct Payments Ordinance also defines the conditions for particularly animal-friendly housing systems (BTS) and regular outdoor exercise (RAUS) more precisely.
IP-Suisse wants to achieve added value through sustainability with its ladybird. In cooperation with independent nature conservation organisations and scientists, new action plans are constantly being defined and developed. For example, biodiversity is to be promoted even more strongly and products are to be manufactured largely without pesticides. Other labels such as TerraSuisse (Migros), Nature Suisse (Aldi) or Terra Natura (Lidl) are also based on the guidelines of IP-Suisse.
Even stricter rules apply to Bio Suisse‘s bud farms. They must convert the entire farm completely to organic, whereas for farmers in the EU a partial conversion is already sufficient. Typical of organic farms is the renunciation of chemical synthetic pesticides and artificial fertilizers, gentle processing and even stricter standards in the area of animal welfare. The own labels Naturaplan (Coop), Migros Bio, Bio Organic (Lidl), Nature Suisse Bio (Aldi), Natur pur (Spar), Bio Natur Plus (Manor) are based on Bio Suisse guidelines.
The requirements of Demeter as an international label are stricter than the Swiss Organic Ordinance. Demeter farmers use biodynamic preparations and respect the rhythm of nature and the cosmos. Only a few additives and additives are permitted for processed foods.
The keeping of cows, pigs, chickens, etc. is subject to certain guidelines. Labels in this area are, for example, Naturafarm (Coop) and Agri Natura (Volg) for meat and eggs from animal-friendly open-air and free-range husbandry, Natura-Beef (Coop) and Bio-Weide-Beef (Migros) for beef and Natura-Veal (Coop) for veal respectively, and KAGfreiland (Manor, Globus) as a label with the strictest animal husbandry regulations.
Protection of biodiversity
Labels such as ProSpecieRara, Hochstamm Suisse or UrDinkel focus on the preservation of biodiversity.
ProSpecieRara is a non-profit foundation that has been working since 1982 to preserve and promote genetic diversity in flora and fauna. To this end, it has launched various projects. At its headquarters in Basel it also stores seeds of over 1700 rare garden, arable and ornamental plants.
UrDinkel accepts as a brand only spelt from old varieties that have not been crossed with wheat. Purity is guaranteed by tolerating no more than 0.9% traces of foreign grain. UrDinkel may only be grown on farms that are recognised by IP-Suisse or Bio Suisse.
By promoting and maintaining high-stem trees, Hochstamm Suisse aims to protect the more than 2,500 fruit varieties that have proven their worth in the albatross. The traditional form of cultivation with orchards is to be preserved through fair prices and innovations. At the same time, the harvesting and maintenance of high-stem trees on high ladders is very time-consuming and involves a lot of manual work. Therefore, more and more trees with low trunks are planted because they can be better protected against wind and weather as well as pests such as the cherry vinegar fly.
An overview of the most important labels can also be found in the brochure of the Swiss farmers (click here) or on the respective homepage: